This 2020 study, Comparing Streamflow Depletion Estimation Approaches in a Heavily Stressed, Conjunctively Managed Aquifer, offers a comparison of analytical depletion functions (ADFs) against a validated numerical model created for estimating streamflow depletion. This numerical model was developed as part of an interstate compact, and as such had substantially greater effort put into its development and calibration compared to models used for comparison studies elsewhere. Authors Samuel C. Zipper, Tom Gleeson, Qiang Li, and Ben Kerr conducted the study in the highly stressed aquifer of the Republican River (Colorado/Kansas, USA) with funding from NSERC, Kansas Geological Survey, the University of Victoria, and Foundry Spatial. Overall, the ADF produced comparable results to the validated numerical model at a fraction of the cost and time.
This study was made possible with funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Resources Council of Canada, SD Bechtel, Jr. Foundation, University of Victoria, The Nature Conservancy — California, and Foundry Spatial. With their help, authors quantified the impact of an emerging agricultural frontier, Cannabis cultivation, on water resources, using the Navarro River (Coastal Range) in Northern California as a case study.
Overall, authors Samuel C. Zipper, Tom Gleeson, Ben Kerr, Jeanette K. Howard, Melissa M. Rohde, Jennifer Carah, and Julie Zimmerman found that the performance of analytical depletion functions was comparable to archetypal numerical models. With the help of funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Resources Council of Canada, S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation, University of Victoria, The Nature Conservancy — California, and Foundry Spatial, researchers also identified that the new approach works best in flatter terrain, with wells close to streams.
With funding from the Government of Canada (NSERC), the University of Victoria, and Foundry Spatial, this study tested analytical models and methods for estimating depletion on real-world stream networks. Authors Xander Huggins, Tom Gleeson, Hailey Eckstrand, and Ben Kerr provide the first response to the question: “can we incorporate groundwater impacts on surface water in our water technology framework?”